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Laparoscopic surgery, also known as minimally invasive surgery, is a type of surgical procedure that allows surgeons to operate through small incisions rather than the larger incisions needed for traditional open surgery. This technique is used for a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in many medical fields.

Key Features of Laparoscopic Surgery

  1. Small Incisions: Typically, 0.5 to 1.5 cm in length.
  2. Laparoscope: A thin, flexible tube with a camera and light source is inserted through one of the small incisions to provide a clear view of the surgical area.
  3. Special Instruments: Other small incisions allow the insertion of specialized surgical instruments to perform the procedure.
  4. Less Invasive: Compared to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery is less invasive and usually involves a shorter recovery time and less postoperative pain.

Common Applications

  1. General Surgery

    • Cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal)
    • Appendectomy (appendix removal)
    • Hernia repair
  2. Gynecology

    • Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)
    • Ovarian cyst removal
    • Endometriosis treatment
    • Tubal ligation
  3. Urology

    • Nephrectomy (kidney removal)
    • Prostate surgery
    • Treatment of kidney stones
  4. Gastrointestinal Surgery

    • Colectomy (colon removal)
    • Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery)
    • Anti-reflux surgery (fundoplication)
  5. Thoracic Surgery

    • Lung biopsy
    • Removal of lung nodules or masses


  1. Reduced Pain: Smaller incisions result in less postoperative pain.
  2. Faster Recovery: Shorter hospital stays and quicker return to normal activities.
  3. Less Scarring: Smaller incisions result in minimal scarring.
  4. Lower Risk of Infection: Reduced exposure of internal organs to external contaminants.
  5. Better Visualization: Enhanced magnification and lighting provided by the laparoscope.


  1. Technical Complexity: Requires specialized training and expertise.
  2. Longer Operating Time: Procedures may take longer due to the complexity of using laparoscopic instruments.
  3. Not Suitable for All Patients: Some patients, such as those with extensive adhesions or certain medical conditions, may not be candidates for laparoscopic surgery.

Procedure Overview

  1. Preparation: Preoperative evaluations, fasting, and sometimes bowel preparation.
  2. Anesthesia: General anesthesia is typically used.
  3. Incisions: Small incisions are made for the laparoscope and surgical instruments.
  4. Insufflation: The abdominal cavity is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to create space for the surgeon to operate.
  5. Surgery: The surgeon performs the procedure while viewing the internal organs on a monitor.
  6. Closure: Instruments are removed, and incisions are closed with sutures or surgical glue.
  7. Recovery: Patients are monitored in the recovery room before being discharged home or transferred to a hospital room.

Postoperative Care

  1. Pain Management: Pain medication may be prescribed to manage discomfort.
  2. Activity: Gradual return to normal activities; heavy lifting and strenuous exercise should be avoided initially.
  3. Wound Care: Keeping incisions clean and dry; monitoring for signs of infection.
  4. Follow-up: Regular follow-up visits to ensure proper healing and address any complications.

Laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized many surgical fields by providing a less invasive option with numerous benefits over traditional open surgery. It's important to discuss the specific procedure, potential risks, and benefits with a healthcare provider to determine if laparoscopic surgery is the right option.


Dr. Denny P. Kuttikkat

Dr. Denny P. Kuttikkat
Departmet Head



Department Doctors

  • Dr. Denny P. Kuttikkat